22 Common Skin Rashes, Pictures, Causes & Treatment

If you suspect you have a skin rash, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Here are descriptions of 22 common skin rashes:

  1. Eczema (Dermatitis):
    • Description: Red, itchy, inflamed skin.
    • Causes: Genetics, environmental factors, allergens.
    • Treatment: Moisturizers, topical steroids, antihistamines.
  2. Psoriasis:
    • Description: Red, thickened patches with silvery scales.
    • Causes: Autoimmune condition.
    • Treatment: Topical steroids, phototherapy, systemic medications.
  3. Contact Dermatitis:
    • Description: Red, itchy rash from contact with an irritant or allergen.
    • Causes: Allergens or irritants.
    • Treatment: Avoid triggers, topical steroids, antihistamines.
  4. Hives (Urticaria):
    • Description: Raised, itchy welts.
    • Causes: Allergies, stress, infections.
    • Treatment: Antihistamines, avoidance of triggers.
  5. Ringworm (Tinea):
    • Description: Circular, red, scaly rash.
    • Causes: Fungal infection.
    • Treatment: Antifungal creams, oral medications.
  6. Impetigo:
    • Description: Red sores that become blisters and crust over.
    • Causes: Bacterial infection.
    • Treatment: Antibiotic creams or oral antibiotics.
  7. Shingles (Herpes Zoster):
    • Description: Painful rash with fluid-filled blisters.
    • Causes: Reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus.
    • Treatment: Antiviral medications, pain relievers.
  8. Rosacea:
    • Description: Redness, visible blood vessels, and sometimes pimples.
    • Causes: Unknown, may involve genetic and environmental factors.
    • Treatment: Topical or oral antibiotics, laser therapy.
  9. Scabies:
    • Description: Itchy, pimple-like rash.
    • Causes: Infestation with the Sarcoptes scabiei mite.
    • Treatment: Prescription scabicides, topical steroids.
  10. Lichen Planus:
    • Description: Flat-topped, itchy purple bumps.
    • Causes: Autoimmune response.
    • Treatment: Topical or oral steroids, antihistamines.
  11. Dandruff:
    • Description: Flaky scalp.
    • Causes: Excess oil, irritated skin, yeast overgrowth.
    • Treatment: Medicated shampoos, topical steroids.
  12. Diaper Rash:
    • Description: Red, irritated skin in the diaper area.
    • Causes: Wetness, friction, irritants.
    • Treatment: Keep the area clean and dry, diaper cream.
  13. Cellulitis:
    • Description: Red, swollen, tender skin.
    • Causes: Bacterial infection.
    • Treatment: Antibiotics, elevation of affected area.
  14. Nummular Dermatitis:
    • Description: Coin-shaped patches of irritated skin.
    • Causes: Unknown, may be related to dry skin or allergies.
    • Treatment: Moisturizers, topical steroids.
  15. Molluscum Contagiosum:
    • Description: Small, painless, raised bumps.
    • Causes: Viral infection.
    • Treatment: Cryotherapy, topical treatments.
  16. Perioral Dermatitis:
    • Description: Red rash around the mouth, eyes, or nose.
    • Causes: Unknown, possibly related to topical steroids.
    • Treatment: Discontinuation of steroids, topical or oral antibiotics.
  17. Folliculitis:
    • Description: Inflamed hair follicles with red bumps.
    • Causes: Bacterial or fungal infection.
    • Treatment: Antibacterial or antifungal medications.
  18. Allergic Dermatitis:
    • Description: Red, itchy rash due to exposure to an allergen.
    • Causes: Allergens such as plants, chemicals, or certain metals.
    • Treatment: Avoidance of allergens, antihistamines.
  19. Granuloma Annulare:
    • Description: Raised, reddish or skin-colored bumps forming a ring.
    • Causes: Unknown, may be related to immune system response.
    • Treatment: Topical steroids, cryotherapy.
  20. Lipoma:
    • Description: Soft, movable lump under the skin.
    • Causes: Benign tumor of fat cells.
    • Treatment: Usually not necessary unless it causes discomfort.
  21. Pityriasis Rosea:
    • Description: Oval-shaped, pink or red rash with a scaly center.
    • Causes: Viral infection.
    • Treatment: Symptomatic relief, as it typically resolves on its own.
  22. Lupus Rash:
    • Description: Butterfly-shaped rash on the face.
    • Causes: Autoimmune disease (systemic lupus erythematosus).
    • Treatment: Management of underlying lupus with medications.

If you suspect you have a skin rash or condition, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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