Configuring FileZilla Server for FTPS (FTP over SSL/TLS) on a Windows Server involves several steps. FTPS adds an extra layer of security to the FTP communication by encrypting the data transferred between the server and the client. Here’s a step-by-step guide to configure FileZilla Server for FTPS:
Step 1: Download and Install FileZilla Server
- Download FileZilla Server from the official website.
- Install FileZilla Server on your Windows Server by running the installer and following the on-screen instructions.
Step 2: Configure FileZilla Server for FTPS
- Open FileZilla Server Interface on your Windows Server (Start > FileZilla Server > FileZilla Server Interface).
- In the FileZilla Server Interface, go to Edit > Settings.
- In the Settings window, select “FTP over TLS settings” from the left-hand side.
- Check the box “Enable FTP over TLS support (FTPS)”.
- Choose “Require explicit FTP over TLS” if you want to enforce FTPS for all connections. Alternatively, you can choose “Allow explicit FTP over TLS” to allow both secure and non-secure connections.
- Select the certificate you want to use for encryption. You can either use a self-signed certificate or obtain a trusted SSL certificate from a certificate authority.
- Set the “SSL/TLS Cipher Suite” according to your security requirements. You can use the default option unless you have specific security needs.
- Click the “OK” button to save the settings.
Step 3: Create and Configure FTPS Users
- In the FileZilla Server Interface, go to Edit > Users.
- Click on “Add” to create a new user.
- Enter a username and password for the user.
- Set the user’s home directory to the desired location where the files will be stored or accessed.
- Under “Shared folders,” you can set additional directories that the user can access if necessary.
- In the “Speed limits” tab, you can set upload and download speed limits for the user (optional).
- Click the “OK” button to save the user settings.
Step 4: Configure Firewall and Port Forwarding (if applicable) If you have a firewall or router, you’ll need to allow incoming connections on the FTPS port (default is 990 for explicit FTP over TLS). Configure port forwarding on your router if the FileZilla Server is behind it.
Step 5: Start FileZilla Server
- In the FileZilla Server Interface, go to “Server” > “Install as service” to ensure FileZilla Server starts automatically with the system.
- Click on “OK” to install the service.
- Go to “Server” > “Start” to launch FileZilla Server.
Step 6: Connect to FileZilla Server using FTPS Using an FTPS client (e.g., FileZilla Client), connect to your FileZilla Server using the following information:
- Host: The IP address or domain name of your server.
- Port: The port number configured for FTPS (default is 990).
- Protocol: FTP – File Transfer Protocol (Explicit SSL/TLS).
- Username and Password: The credentials of the user you created in Step 3.
That’s it! Now you have successfully configured FileZilla Server for FTPS on your Windows Server. Clients connecting to your server will be required to use FTPS for secure data transmission.