- Retaliation for Israeli airstrikes on Gaza. On October 8, 2023, the Israeli military launched airstrikes on targets in Gaza in response to rocket attacks from Gaza earlier in the week. Hamas may have launched the October 9 attack as retaliation for these airstrikes.
- A response to Israeli policies in the West Bank. Hamas has been critical of Israeli policies in the West Bank, such as the expansion of Jewish settlements and the construction of the separation barrier. The October 9 attack may have been a way for Hamas to express its opposition to these policies.
- An attempt to derail the peace process. The peace process between Israel and the Palestinians has been stalled for many years. Hamas may have launched the October 9 attack in an attempt to derail the peace process and make it even more difficult to achieve a two-state solution.
- To gain popularity among Palestinians. Hamas is a popular group among Palestinians, especially in Gaza. The October 9 attack may have been a way for Hamas to boost its popularity among Palestinians and to show that it is still a powerful force.
It is important to note that these are just possible reasons for the October 9 attack. Hamas has not released a statement explaining its reasons for launching the attack.
It is also important to note that the situation between Israel and Hamas is complex and there is no single answer to the question of why Hamas launched the October 9 attack. The attack may have been motivated by a combination of factors, including retaliation, opposition to Israeli policies, and a desire to derail the peace process.