If you have erectile dysfunction (ED), a urologist may perform a number of tests to diagnose the underlying cause of your condition. These tests may include:
- Medical and sexual history: Your urologist will ask you about your medical history, including any existing medical conditions, medications you are taking, and your sexual history.
- Physical exam: Your urologist will perform a physical exam to check for any signs of ED, such as low testosterone levels, diabetes, or heart disease.
- Blood tests: Your urologist may order blood tests to check for any underlying medical conditions that may be causing your ED. These tests may include blood sugar tests, cholesterol tests, and hormone tests.
- Urine tests: Your urologist may order urine tests to check for any underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes or kidney disease.
- Penile ultrasound: A penile ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to create images of the penis. This test can be used to check for blood flow problems in the penis and to rule out other possible causes of ED.
- Psychological evaluation: Your urologist may also recommend a psychological evaluation to rule out any underlying psychological problems that may be causing your ED.
Once your urologist has diagnosed the underlying cause of your ED, they will recommend the best course of treatment. Treatment options for ED may include:
- Medications: There are a number of medications available that can treat ED. These medications work by increasing blood flow to the penis or by relaxing the muscles in the penis.
- Surgery: Surgery may be an option for men with severe ED that does not respond to other treatments. Surgical options for ED include penile implants and vascular surgery.
- Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, quitting smoking, and exercising regularly, can also help to improve ED symptoms.
If you are experiencing ED, it is important to see a urologist to get a diagnosis and discuss treatment options. With the right treatment, most men with ED can improve their sexual function and enjoy a satisfying sex life.