# What Is Ordinal Data? Definition, Analysis & Examples

Ordinal data is a type of data that can be categorized and ranked according to a specific characteristic or attribute, but the differences between the values are not necessarily equal or measurable. This type of data is commonly used in surveys, questionnaires, and rating scales, where respondents are asked to rate their level of agreement or satisfaction using a scale that ranges from low to high.

Ordinal data can be analyzed using non-parametric statistical methods, which are techniques that do not require the data to be normally distributed. Some of the most common methods used to analyze ordinal data include:

1. Frequencies and percentages: This method involves counting the number of responses in each category and calculating the percentage of respondents who fall into each category.
2. Median and mode: The median is the middle value in the data set, while the mode is the most commonly occurring value. These measures of central tendency can give an indication of the typical value or level of the characteristic being measured.
3. Rank sum tests: These tests compare the ranks of two or more groups to determine if there is a statistically significant difference between them.

Examples of ordinal data include:

1. Rankings of colleges or universities based on academic performance, campus life, or student satisfaction.
2. Ratings of customer satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 is very dissatisfied and 5 is very satisfied.
3. Rankings of job candidates based on their qualifications and experience.
4. Scores on a Likert scale measuring agreement or disagreement with a statement, where 1 is strongly disagree and 5 is strongly agree.
1. Ratings of the quality of a product or service on a scale of poor, fair, good, or excellent.
2. Rankings of sports teams based on their win-loss record or other performance metrics.
3. Ratings of the severity of a symptom on a scale of mild, moderate, or severe.

In summary, ordinal data is a type of data that can be ordered or ranked based on a characteristic or attribute, but the differences between the values are not necessarily equal or measurable. Analyzing ordinal data requires non-parametric statistical methods and examples of ordinal data include rankings, ratings, and Likert scales.