How to Use the DIR Command in Windows

The DIR command in Windows is a useful tool that allows you to display the contents of a directory or folder. Here’s how to use the DIR command in Windows:

  1. Open the Command Prompt: Click on the Start menu, type “cmd” into the search bar, and press Enter.
  2. Navigate to the directory you want to view the contents of: Use the “cd” command followed by the path to the directory. For example, if you want to view the contents of the Downloads folder, type:
cd C:\Users\YourUsername\Downloads

Replace “YourUsername” with your actual username.

  1. Type “dir” and press Enter: This will display a list of all the files and folders in the current directory. By default, the list will show the filename, size, and last modified date of each file.
  2. Optional: Use additional parameters to customize the output. For example, you can use the “/w” parameter to display the list in wide format, or the “/p” parameter to pause after each screenful of information. Here are some examples:
dir /w (Displays the list in wide format)
dir /p (Pauses after each screenful of information)
dir *.txt (Displays only files with the .txt extension)
  1. To save the output to a file, use the “>” symbol to redirect the output to a text file. For example, to save the list of files in the current directory to a file named “filelist.txt”, type:
dir > filelist.txt

This will create a file called “filelist.txt” in the current directory, with a list of all the files and folders. You can then open this file in any text editor to view the list.