To log in to Docker Hub and private registries using the Docker command-line interface (CLI), you can use the “docker login” command. Here’s how to do it:
Logging in to Docker Hub:
- Open your terminal or command prompt.
- Run the following command:
This command will prompt you to enter your Docker Hub username and password.
- Enter your Docker Hub username and press Enter.
- Enter your Docker Hub password (or an access token if you have enabled two-factor authentication) and press Enter.
If the login is successful, you will see a message confirming that you are logged in.
Logging in to a Private Registry:
If you want to log in to a private registry other than Docker Hub, you need to specify the registry URL when running the “docker login” command. The command will look like this:
docker login <registry-url>
<registry-url> with the URL of your private registry. For example, if your private registry is hosted at “example.com,” the command will be:
docker login example.com
After running the command, you will be prompted to enter your credentials (username and password) for the private registry.
Using Docker Credentials Store (Optional):
If you don’t want to enter your credentials every time you log in to a registry, you can use Docker’s credentials store. Docker supports multiple credential helpers that securely store your credentials and automatically use them when needed.
To enable a credential helper, you need to install it on your system and configure Docker to use it. Some common credential helpers are:
- “docker-credential-secretservice”: Used on Linux systems.
- “docker-credential-wincred”: Used on Windows systems.
- “docker-credential-osxkeychain”: Used on macOS systems.
To configure a credential helper, you can use the following command:
<helper> with the name of the appropriate credential helper for your system, and
<registry-url> with the URL of your private registry.
Using a credential helper, you can avoid entering your credentials every time you interact with the registry, as Docker will securely store and use them as needed.
Keep in mind that the specific commands and options may vary slightly depending on your operating system and Docker version. It’s always a good idea to refer to the official Docker documentation for the most up-to-date instructions and best practices.