How to Extract Files From a .tar.bz2 or .tar.gz File on Linux?

To extract files from a .tar.bz2 or .tar.gz file on Linux, you can use the following commands, depending on the file type:

1. Extracting .tar.bz2 Files: To extract files from a .tar.bz2 file, use the tar command with the xjf options:

tar xjf filename.tar.bz2

Replace filename.tar.bz2 with the name of the .tar.bz2 file you want to extract. The x flag indicates extraction, the j flag specifies the bzip2 compression format, and the f flag is used to indicate that the filename follows.

2. Extracting .tar.gz Files: To extract files from a .tar.gz file, use the tar command with the xzf options:

tar xzf filename.tar.gz

Replace filename.tar.gz with the name of the .tar.gz file you want to extract. The x flag indicates extraction, the z flag specifies the gzip compression format, and the f flag is used to indicate that the filename follows.

3. Extracting .tar.xz Files: If you encounter a .tar.xz file, you can extract it using the tar command with the xJf options:

tar xJf filename.tar.xz

Replace filename.tar.xz with the name of the .tar.xz file you want to extract. The x flag indicates extraction, the J flag specifies the xz compression format, and the f flag is used to indicate that the filename follows.

After running the appropriate command, the files will be extracted to the current directory. If you want to specify a different destination directory, you can use the -C option followed by the path to the desired directory:

tar xzf filename.tar.gz -C /path/to/destination

Keep in mind that the specific options available in the tar command may vary slightly depending on the version of the tar utility and your Linux distribution. The commands mentioned above should work on most modern Linux systems.

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