How To Calculate Coefficient of Variation in Excel

The coefficient of variation (CV) is a statistical measure of relative variability, expressing the standard deviation as a percentage of the mean. In Excel, you can calculate the coefficient of variation using the following steps:

1. Prepare Your Data:

  • Organize your data in a column in an Excel worksheet. For example, if your data is in column A, list your values in cells A1, A2, A3, and so on.

2. Calculate Mean:

  • In an empty cell, use the AVERAGE function to calculate the mean (average) of your data. For example, if your data is in column A from row 1 to 10, you can use the formula: =AVERAGE(A1:A10).

3. Calculate Standard Deviation:

  • In another empty cell, use the STDEV.P function to calculate the population standard deviation of your data. For example: =STDEV.P(A1:A10).

4. Calculate Coefficient of Variation:

  • In a different cell, divide the standard deviation by the mean and multiply by 100 to get the coefficient of variation. For example: =(STDEV.P(A1:A10)/AVERAGE(A1:A10))*100.


  • If your data is in cells A1 to A10, and you’ve calculated the mean in cell B1 and the standard deviation in cell B2, the formula for the coefficient of variation could be entered in cell B3 as =(B2/B1)*100.

Now, cell B3 should display the coefficient of variation for your data as a percentage.


  • Ensure that your dataset is representative, and the calculation makes sense for your specific analysis.
  • The STDEV.P function is used here assuming that your data represents the entire population. If your data is a sample, you might want to use STDEV.S instead.

Remember that the coefficient of variation is a relative measure of variability and is particularly useful when comparing the variability of different datasets with different units of measurement.

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