How to fix bin/magento: permission denied

Fixing the “bin/magento: permission denied” Error in Magento 2

The frustrating “bin/magento: permission denied” error message can halt your progress in managing your Magento 2 store. This tutorial guides you through several methods to fix this issue and get back to running Magento CLI commands smoothly.

Cause:

This error occurs when the bin/magento file lacks the necessary permissions to be executed. Magento requires specific owner and group ownership as well as execute (x) permissions for this file to function properly.

Method 1: Adjusting File Permissions

  1. Navigate to Magento root directory: Use your terminal or SSH client to navigate to the root directory of your Magento 2 installation.

  2. Check current permissions: Run the ls -l command to see the currentfile permissions for bin/magento. Look for the third set of three digits representing permissions. Ideally, it should be 755, where 7 signifies full permissions for the owner, 5 signifies read and execute permissions for the group, and 5 signifies read and execute permissions for others.

  3. Set correct permissions: Use the chmod command to grant execute permissions.If the current permissions are not 755, run the following command:

sudo chmod 755 bin/magento
  1. Verify and try again: Run ls -l again to confirm the change and then attempt your Magento CLI command (bin/magento).

Method 2: Using the php Prefix

This method avoids changing file permissions directly by prepending the php command before your Magento CLI command.

  1. Run the command with php prefix:
php bin/magento
  1. This instructs the system to execute the bin/magento file directly using the PHP interpreter, bypassing the permission check.

Method 3: Checking Ownership

In rare cases, the issue might be related to file ownership.

  1. Check the owner and group of bin/magento: Use the ls -l command again. The first username and group name displayed represent the owner and group, respectively.

  2. Compare with recommended settings: Magento documentation recommends the www-data user and group for file ownership. If ownership differs, consult your hosting provider or system administrator for guidance on changing ownership without compromising security.

Additional Tips:

  • Always back up files before making changes.
  • Consider using a dedicated user account for running Magento commands with appropriate permissions.
  • Consult the Magento documentation for specific permission recommendations based on your server configuration.
  • If the issue persists after trying these methods, search online forums or contact Magento support for further assistance.

By following these steps, you should be able to troubleshoot the “bin/magento: permission denied” error and resume managing your Magento store through the CLI. Remember to adjust the commands and procedures based on your specific server environment and Magento version.

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