What Is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus, also known as COVID-19, is a highly infectious respiratory illness caused by the novel (new) coronavirus that was first identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019. It is a type of virus that belongs to the family of viruses known as coronaviruses, which also includes the viruses that cause the common cold and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

The virus primarily spreads from person to person through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes. It can also be spread by touching a surface contaminated with the virus and then touching one’s mouth, nose, or eyes.

Common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and loss of taste or smell. In severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and even death.

It is recommended that people take preventive measures such as wearing masks, practicing social distancing, washing hands frequently, and avoiding large gatherings in order to prevent the spread of the virus. Vaccines have also been developed and are being administered in many countries as a way to help control the spread of the virus and protect people from becoming seriously ill.