What does “this” symbol mean in JavaScript

In JavaScript, the “this” keyword refers to the object that the function is a property of, or the object that the function is called on. It is a special keyword that is automatically defined in every function and its value depends on how the function is called.

The value of “this” can change based on the context in which it is used. For example, in a method of an object, “this” refers to the object itself. In a global function, “this” refers to the global object, which is usually the window object in a browser.

Here is an example of using “this” in JavaScript:

const person = {
name: "John",
age: 30,
greet: function() {
console.log(`Hello, my name is ${this.name} and I am ${this.age} years old.`);
};person.greet(); // Output: Hello, my name is John and I am 30 years old.

In the example above, the “this” keyword is used to refer to the “person” object inside the “greet” method, so that the name and age properties of the object can be accessed and used in the console.log statement.