Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are less common in men than in women, but they can still occur. A UTI is an infection in any part of the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
Causes of UTIs in men
The most common cause of a UTI in men is bacteria that enters the urinary tract through the urethra. This can happen during sexual intercourse, or from using unclean catheters or other medical devices.
Other risk factors for UTIs in men include:
- Enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH)
- Prostate cancer
- Neurological disorders that affect the bladder, such as spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis
- Weakened immune system, due to HIV/AIDS or other medical conditions
Symptoms of UTIs in men
Common symptoms of UTIs in men include:
- Frequent urination
- Urgent need to urinate
- Pain or burning when urinating
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Strong-smelling urine
- Pelvic pain
Diagnosis and treatment of UTIs in men
If you think you may have a UTI, it is important to see a doctor right away. UTIs can usually be diagnosed with a simple urine test.
Treatment for UTIs typically involves antibiotics. The type of antibiotic and the length of treatment will depend on the severity of the infection and the underlying cause.
In some cases, additional tests or procedures may be necessary to rule out other conditions, such as prostate cancer.
Prevention of UTIs in men
There are a number of things you can do to help prevent UTIs, including:
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Emptying your bladder completely when you urinate
- Wiping from front to back after using the toilet
- Avoiding sexual intercourse if you think you may have a UTI
- Using condoms during sexual intercourse
- Practicing good hygiene, especially if you have a weakened immune system
If you have any underlying medical conditions that increase your risk of UTIs, such as an enlarged prostate or diabetes, it is important to work with your doctor to manage these conditions.