How to migrate Magento 1 to Magento 2

Migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 involves several steps and can be a complex process. Here’s a general outline of the steps involved in migrating your Magento 1 store to Magento 2:

  1. Plan and Prepare:
    • Evaluate your current Magento 1 store: Assess your extensions, themes, customizations, and data structure.
    • Create a detailed migration plan: Identify the scope, goals, and timeline for the migration process.
    • Set up a new Magento 2 environment: Install Magento 2 on a separate server or environment.
  2. Data Migration:
    • Export Magento 1 data: Export your Magento 1 store’s database, including products, customers, orders, categories, and other relevant data.
    • Convert and prepare data for Magento 2: Use the Magento 2 Data Migration Tool or other migration extensions to convert the Magento 1 data to the Magento 2 format.
    • Import data into Magento 2: Use the Magento 2 Data Migration Tool or other extensions to import the converted data into your Magento 2 store.
  3. Theme and Design:
    • Select or develop a Magento 2 theme: Choose a new Magento 2 theme that suits your requirements or develop a custom theme if needed.
    • Modify and update frontend design: Customize the new theme and update the frontend design elements to match your existing Magento 1 store.
  4. Extensions and Customizations:
    • Assess Magento 2 compatibility: Check if your existing Magento 1 extensions have compatible versions available for Magento 2 or search for alternative extensions with similar functionality.
    • Install and configure Magento 2 extensions: Install and configure the necessary extensions in your Magento 2 store.
    • Rebuild customizations: If you have custom code or modifications, recreate them in Magento 2 following the Magento 2 coding standards.
  5. Testing and Verification:
    • Test functionality: Perform thorough testing to ensure all core features, extensions, and customizations are working correctly in Magento 2.
    • Test data accuracy: Verify that all data has been migrated accurately, including products, orders, customer accounts, and other relevant information.
    • Conduct user acceptance testing: Involve key stakeholders and users to test the Magento 2 store’s functionality and provide feedback.
  6. Go Live:
    • Set up production environment: Configure your production environment for the Magento 2 store.
    • Plan for downtime: Schedule a maintenance window to minimize disruption during the final data migration and store switchover.
    • Perform final data migration: Migrate the latest data changes from your Magento 1 store to Magento 2.
    • Update DNS and redirect URLs: Update DNS settings and set up URL redirects to ensure a seamless transition for customers.
    • Go live with Magento 2: Once everything is in place and tested, switch your store to the new Magento 2 environment.

It’s crucial to note that Magento 1 to Magento 2 migration can be a complex process, and it’s recommended to seek assistance from experienced Magento developers or consult Magento’s official documentation for detailed instructions specific to your store’s configuration and customizations.