How to Install WordPress on Debian 10/11

Installing WordPress on Debian 10/11 is a straightforward process. Follow the steps below to get started:

  1. Update the System

First, ensure that your system is up to date by running the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
  1. Install LAMP Stack

The LAMP stack includes Apache, MySQL, and PHP, which are required to run WordPress. Run the following command to install the LAMP stack:

sudo apt install apache2 mysql-server php php-mysql libapache2-mod-php
  1. Configure MySQL

Next, configure MySQL by running the following command:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

This command will prompt you to set a root password, remove anonymous users, and disallow root login remotely.

  1. Create a MySQL Database

Create a new MySQL database for WordPress by running the following commands:

sudo mysql -u root -p

Enter your MySQL root password when prompted, then run the following commands to create a new database:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Note: Replace “password” with a strong password.

  1. Download and Install WordPress

Download and extract the latest version of WordPress using the following commands:

cd /tmp
tar xf latest.tar.gz

Move the WordPress files to the Apache web server’s document root directory using the following command:

sudo mv /tmp/wordpress/* /var/www/html/
  1. Configure WordPress

Copy the WordPress configuration file by running the following command:

sudo cp /var/www/html/wp-config-sample.php /var/www/html/wp-config.php

Open the wp-config.php file using the following command:

sudo nano /var/www/html/wp-config.php

Enter the following database details in the wp-config.php file:

define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress');
define('DB_USER', 'wordpressuser');
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'password');
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');

Save and close the file.

  1. Set File Permissions

Set the correct file permissions on the WordPress installation directory using the following commands:

sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/html/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/
  1. Complete Installation

Restart Apache web server using the following command:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Finally, open your web browser and navigate to http://your-server-ip/ or http://your-domain-name/ to complete the WordPress installation process.

That’s it! You have successfully installed WordPress on Debian 10/11.