Creating a new Magento 2 theme can be a complex process, but here is a step-by-step tutorial to help you get started:
- Choose a base theme: Magento 2 comes with two base themes: Luma and Blank. Luma is a pre-built theme that can be customized to fit your needs, while Blank is an empty shell that requires a complete build from scratch. Choose the theme that best fits your requirements.
- Create a new theme folder: Create a new folder in your Magento 2 installation’s app/design/frontend directory. Name the folder after your new theme.
- Create theme.xml file: In your new theme folder, create a new file called theme.xml. This file will define your theme’s basic settings and properties. Here is a sample theme.xml file:
<theme xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:framework:Config/etc/theme.xsd">
<title>Your Theme Name</title>
In the above example, replace “Your Theme Name” with your own theme’s name, and “media/preview.png” with the path to your theme’s preview image.
- Create registration.php file: In your new theme folder, create a new file called
registration.php. This file will register your theme with Magento 2. Here is a sample
In the above example, replace “YourCompanyName” with your own company name, and “YourThemeName” with your own theme’s name.
- Copy over base files: Copy over the necessary files from your base theme (Luma or Blank) into your new theme folder. This will include files like default.xml, styles-m.css, and styles-l.css.
- Create custom templates: If you need to create custom templates for your theme, create a new folder called Magento_Theme in your theme folder, and create a new templates folder within that. You can then create custom templates and modify the existing ones as needed.
- Activate your theme: Once you have completed customizing your theme, activate it by going to your Magento 2 backend, navigating to Content > Design > Configuration, selecting your store view, and choosing your new theme from the dropdown list.
With these steps, you should now have a new Magento 2 theme that you can customize to fit your needs.