High blood pressure (hypertension) – Symptoms and causes

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common condition in which the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is too high. If left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and vision loss. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms and causes of hypertension.

Symptoms of Hypertension:

Hypertension is often referred to as the “silent killer” because it usually has no symptoms in its early stages. In fact, many people with high blood pressure do not even realize they have it. However, as the condition worsens, some common symptoms may include:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Chest pain
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Flushing of the face
  • Nosebleeds
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Sleep disturbances

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor to get your blood pressure checked.

Causes of Hypertension:

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of hypertension, including:

  • Age: The risk of hypertension increases with age.
  • Genetics: Hypertension tends to run in families and can be inherited.
  • Overweight or obesity: Excess body weight can increase the amount of blood in the body, leading to higher blood pressure.
  • Lack of physical activity: Inactivity can lead to weight gain and increase the risk of hypertension.
  • Poor diet: A diet high in salt, fat, and processed foods can increase blood pressure.
  • Stress: Chronic stress can lead to the release of hormones that cause a temporary increase in blood pressure.
  • Smoking: Smoking damages the blood vessels, making them less elastic, and contributes to high blood pressure.
  • Alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to a temporary increase in blood pressure.
  • Chronic health conditions: Certain conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes, and sleep apnea can increase the risk of hypertension.

In conclusion, hypertension is a serious condition that can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. It is important to be aware of the symptoms and causes of hypertension and to seek medical attention if necessary. A healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management, can help prevent or manage hypertension.